Every kid develops at their own pace. It is also common for kids to find reading challenging at a certain point or another during their lives. However, if you find that learning to read is becoming a continuing struggle making the child fall behind their peers, this might be dyslexia, a learning disorder.
Dyslexia is a disorder characterised by having trouble reading. It affects the capacity of a child to manipulate and recognise the sounds in language. Children with dyslexia have a hard decoding new words or even breaking the words down into chunks that are manageable to sound out. This present complication with spelling, reading and writing. Kids with dyslexia can compensate by memorising words but will still be slow to retrieve familiar words and have trouble identifying new words. Dyslexia doesn’t mirror a child’s intellect; instead, it is only a gap between a student’s ability and what they can accomplish. With the appropriate effort, dyslexic children can keep up with their colleagues at least for the first few grades. However, they start running into trouble at about the third grade when required to read fluently and be quick to keep up with their work. With the right strategies and help dyslexic children can compensate for their decoding weakness, and learn to read and succeed academically.
Below are some strategies that will help dyslexic kids learn.
- Make written material dyslexia friendly.
An essential teaching strategy that will help dyslexic children prosper in their academics include providing written notes for the students during each session so that the children don’t struggle to copy the notes from the boards. Some tips that will help while preparing the notes include;
- Ensure that you don’t justify the right-hand margin
- As opposed to block text use more of bullet pints
- Students with dyslexia have been proven to have difficulty with black print on a white page. Thus try to use Patel shades when preparing hand-outs. No colour has been proven to be the best, but beige is specifically common.
- Include a list of vocabulary keywords to help simplify reading
- Ensure that the font you use makes reading easier for dyslexic children, 12 Point size Arial font would be okay.
- Spelling and writing
To help spell problematic words, Mnemonics can help out. Learning sight words also aids with writing, spelling and reading. Additional tips to help out dyslexic children with spelling and writing include
- Having a wider pencil or pen to hold has been proven to benefit some dyslexic children.
- Permitting the use of laptops in school for dyslexic children in upper grades has become more common. This has been proven to be particularly useful among disorganised student who lose their notes frequently. Having course materials of such student sent through email will help address such.
- One specific skill that has been proven valuable among dyslexic children is mastering touch typing. Children with dyslexia often have issues with their handwriting; however, touch typing can become automatic to the child and flow on the child’s fingers without struggling with their conscious thought. The child will be able to work faster and manage more information. Touch typing also offers the advantage of improving reading and grasping skills by providing automatic access to spell checkers.
- Get into details
Kids who have reading difficulties may require help to notice all particulars, especially in a new word. Way to help out your child is by first showing them the word you are teaching them and then reading it loudly. Request the child to say each letter in the word and the Vowel that they see. Ask them to identify letters in the middle, beginning and end of the word. This will assist the kid in scrutinising the word and processing it in detail.
- Use different senses
It has been proven that dyslexic children learn best when they engage multiple senses. Having the kids’ trace letters with their fingers on a list of sight words triggers the kid’s sense of touch. Get them moving by telling then to write some phrases in the air with their middle and pointer fingers. As they write the words in the air, let them shout these words. Younger kids will find it fun writing words in the sand. Let them have such activities.
- Keep the learning manageable
Introduce a few words at a time. You can set out a limit of two words a day and when you have like ten words, allow them to practice these words first before introducing others for each word that the kids master add another. This will ensure that you make learning for them manageable. You will also be able to assess their mastery of the words
In conclusion, with technology, many online platforms can help dyslexic children learn. Review sites such as the UK collected reviews will help you find out the reputable platforms. You can also read Reviews about EdPlace. The tips in this article are also very beneficial.